Rice is a cereal grain which forms an important part of diet for nearly 1/3 of the world population making it the most consumed cereal grain. It is eaten as staple food in many parts of Asia. It is grown in warm parts of the world, mainly Asia, Africa, northern Italy, and the west coast of North America.

It is basically categorized into long grain, medium grain, 100% broken and Parboiled and is used for direct consumption as well as for sweet dishes and many other dishes.